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Options and services vary with the needs and willingness of the adult but can include: arranging for medical care, coordination with law enforcement and other agencies, assistance finding alternative living arrangements, financial management services and referrals, homemaker and housekeeper services within specified limits, crisis interventions such as restraining orders and long term legal interventions such as guardianship and protective placement.
Evening and weekend emergencies – 262-657-7188
Assisted living cost ranges from $2,500-$6,000 per month. Medicare and Medicaid do not pay for assisted living facilities; however, there may be other funding assistance to pay for part of the costs of assisted living. Call the ADRC at 262-605-6646 for further information and a qualifying screen.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services assigns nursing home facilities that participate in Medicare & Medicaid a rating from a low 1 star to a high of 5 stars based on health inspection surveys, staffing information, and quality of care measures.
A five star designation means the facility ranks “much above average,” four star indicates “above average,” three means “about average,” two is a “below average” ranking with a one indicating that a facility ranks “much below average.”
The ratings are available online at CMS's Nursing Home Compare website at www.medicare.gov.
Residents are accepted for admission to Brookside Care Center regardless of sex, race, religion, national ancestry, age, handicap, or any other disability.
For more information, please look at the Admission section of our website.
Typically a resident who needs short term care is eligible for Medicare Part A benefits, which covers a maximum of 100 days of skilled nursing facility charges. The first 20 days in a skilled nursing facility are covered in full by Medicare and days 21 through 100 are covered with a beneficiary co-insurance.
Brookside also accepts Medicaid/Title 19 as a method of payment.
If the copy needs to be certified, there is an additional charge of $5.00.
If you just want a copy for your records, it is not necessary to get a certified copy. It is helpful to have your case number.
If you should need copies of any of the documents, the fee is $1.25 per page. If the document needs to be certified, an addition fee of $5.00 is charged.
In foreclosure mediations, you might explore ways to cure a default (pay some amount of money so you are not "behind" anymore) or you may discuss ways to re-negotiate the terms of your loan, or other possibilities to improve the situation even if you can't stay in the home. The goal is to talk about the situation using current information and to work toward an outcome that is acceptable to all parties.
You may want to call the Community Impact Foster Care Program at 262-656-8420 to obtain information brochures and discuss you questions and concerns with a foster care specialist.
If your family wishes to move forward, a Foster Care Program specialist will come to your home to acquaint you with the process and explain the forms you will be asked to complete.
The Foster Care Program specialist will schedule a home study/visit(s) with each prospective foster family to determine whether state licensing requirements are met. Part of the state requirements include a criminal background check, personal references, proof of physical health and insurance.
The process takes from 1-2 months and there is no fee. The Community Impact Program Specialist will be available every step of the way to guide you through the process.
Following initial approval, each foster parent participates in 6 Core Training’s during their first year. Each year thereafter, foster parents must complete 12 hours of training per year. Foster Care license’s are reviewed for re-licensing every 2 years.
When approved, a family is then considered available to care for foster children. The request of the foster parents as well as the individual needs of the child will determine when a placement occurs in your home.
Of course, it is also your responsibility to provide the child a safe home, adequate meals, clothing and a warm, nurturing family environment that recognizes the child’s individual needs and ethnic/cultural heritage.
Kenosha County Division of Health - Main Office8600 Sheridan Road, Suite 600, Kenosha
Kenosha County Center - Office of Planning and Development19600 75th Street, Bristol
Kenosha County Division of Health - Laboratory8600 Sheridan Road, Suite 600, KenoshaBetween 8am and 4pm - Monday through Thursday
Kenosha County Center - Office of Planning and Development19600 75th Street, BristolBefore 3:00 pm on Tuesdays only
Tuesday:Union Park (45th St. & 8th Ave.) - 6:00 am - 12 noon
Wednesday:Columbus Park (54th St. & 22nd Ave.) - 6:00 am - 12 noon
Thursday:Lincoln Park (70th St. & 18th Ave.) - 6:00 am - 12 noon
Friday:Baker Park (66th St. & Sheridan Rd.) - 6:00 am - 12 noon
Saturday:Columbus Park (54th St. & 22nd Ave.) - 6:00 am - 1 pmHarborPark Marketplace (56th St. & 2 Ave.) - 9:30 am - 2pm
In the course of an autopsy, samples of various organs, tissues and body fluids are retained for additional studies, if warranted. These studies include toxicology (testing for drugs, etc.), microscopic examination and microbiology (bacterial, viral, or fungal cultures). In addition, other items of evidence may be collected, such as trace evidence, bullets, knife blades, ligatures, hair, fingernail clippings, sexual assault swabs, etc.
Because Kenosha County has a lay-person Medical Examiner, all autopsies are performed at the Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office by a board-certified forensic pathologist.
Toxicology analysis is one of the most frequent reasons for delay in completing an investigation and death certificate. Forensic toxicology (in KCMEO cases) is very different from the drug testing performed in hospitals. Toxicology analysis may only take 4-6 weeks if no drugs are present; however, 8-12 weeks are typically required to perform the necessary confirmations and quantitations of drugs detected. Longer toxicology turn-around times are required in cases where numerous drugs are involved, where unusual drugs are involved, or if the person is decomposed.
Finally, the death investigation may be prolonged if the initial suspicions are not confirmed. The KCMEO may also confer with the law enforcement agency investigating the death to consider other possibilities (asking the police to return to the scene of death or to interview additional witnesses).
As one might suspect, all death investigations are different, and determining the cause and manner of death may require a great number of steps, each requiring time to complete---the time needed to complete some of these steps may not be under the control of the KCMEO. We greatly appreciate the patience of families and friends in these matters as we try to provide accurate and complete answers.
An important goal of the death investigation system is to determine the cause and manner of death. The cause of death is any injury or disease that alters one's physiology sufficiently to result in death - for example, gunshot wound, coronary heart disease, or cancer. The manner of death explains how the cause came about, and may be categorized as natural, accident, suicide, or homicide, or in some cases, "undetermined." Typically the cause of death is determined via autopsy, while the manner of death is based on investigation.
Rental fees are as follows:
For hours of operation at Kemper Center/Anderson Arts Center and the Kenosha County Historical Society, please contact them directly.
The golf courses are open from about March through November, weather permitting. For more information, visit Kenosha County Golf.
Dogs are NOT allowed in swimming areas at Silver Lake or Old Settlers Park.
There are three off-leash dog parks located at Petrifying Springs, Old Settlers, and KD Parks. For more information, please visit Kenosha County Dog Parks.
There are no other entry fees for Kenosha County Parks.
NO ALCOHOL IS ALLOWED AT THE SWIM BEACH AREAS.
Ponds built within the shoreland require a County stipulated shoreland permit, ponds are generally not permitted in the floodplain or connected to a navigable waterway. A wildlife pond may be created in wetland (C-1 Zoning District) with proper permits and approval of the Land Use Committee. A wildlife pond cannot exceed an average depth of 5-feet and side slopes cannot exceed a gradient of 1-foot vertical to 5-feet horizontal. Wetland disturbance will require a water quality certification from the WDNR and possibly the U.S. Corps of Engineers. Additionally, please contact the local township to determine if any town permits are required. Most ponds will require a permit or approval, please contact these agencies to inquire about the procedure for a pond at your location. Visit the WDNR website for more information http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/Waterways/ http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/Waterways/
It is closed all major holidays.
•Is within program limits (see Question No. 3).•Lives in Kenosha County, outside of the City of Kenosha.•Complies with all program criteria.
An investor-owner, who also agrees, for a period of five years or the term of the loan, whichever is less to:
•Rent to households within program limits.•Charge rents within established limits.
2011 Housing Rehabilitation Loan Program Income Limits (income limits are updated annually) Household Size Income Limit 1 $39,850 2 $45,550 3 $51,250 4 $56,900 5 $61,500 6 $66,050 7 $70,600 8 $75,150
•To save energy, e.g. insulation, weatherstripping, a new heating system, etc.•To correct health and safety code problems, e.g. new wiring, plumbing, etc.•To improve livability, e.g. repairing floors and walls, replacing a roof, etc.•To extend the economic or physical life of the housing unit, e.g. siding, painting, etc. Loan funds may not be used to complete work already in progress, to pay off or refinance other loans, to create new living space, or finance certain ineligible activities as defined by the Housing Authority.
Owner-occupied: 0%, deferredTenant-occupied: 0%, installment
•Is within the following program income limits. 2011 Homestead Opportunity Loan Program Income Limits (income limits are updated annually) Household Size Income Limit 1 $39,850 2 $45,550 3 $51,250 4 $56,900 5 $61,500 6 $66,050 7 $70,600 8 $75,150
•Can obtain first mortgage bank financing.•Will purchase and occupy a home in Kenosha County, outside of the City of Kenosha.•Complies with all other program criteria.
•Up to 50% of a reasonable downpayment (reasonable is defined as no more than 20% of the home’s purchase price).•For rehabilitation of a property when the lender agrees to credit the increase in the property’s value towards the required downpayment.•For payment of bank fees and closing costs that include application fees, appraisals, flood certification, document preparation, filing fees, legal fees, and other fees deemed reasonable by the Kenosha County Housing Authority.
•Issues and opportunities element •Land use element•Housing element•Transportation element•Utilities and community facilities element •Agricultural, natural, and cultural resources element•Economic development element•Intergovernmental cooperation element•Implementation element
After filing with the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development, you will then take your receipted application and go directly to your town office to file with the town clerk.
Once you have filed at both offices (county and town), you should have a set of meeting dates known for which your attendance will be required.
The Kenosha County Land Use Committee will not act on your agenda item until you have received a recommendation from your local town board. Note: After the town board meeting is held and a recommendation is made on your agenda item, minutes are automatically forwarded to the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development.
From start to finish you can expect the approval process to take approximately four (4) to eight (8) weeks. Keep in mind that if your item should get tabled at any of the public hearings the timeline will increase.
1) A property owner desires to build a structure in an area where public sanitary sewer service is not available.
2) Anytime a property owner desires to have, or is required to have, an existing failing POWTS replaced.
3) Anytime a property owner proposes a significant change to the primary living structure or place of business. Land divisions, conditional use requests, and change of use (for business establishments) may also require an upgrade or replacement of the existing POWTS.
When people do all their laundry in one day, the high (peak) flow will cause the drainfield to go anaerobic (without air). Your POWTS performs best in aerobic conditions. In aerobic (with air) conditions there are a lot more bacteria that are working to digest the organics (among other things) in the wastewater.
The peak flows that flow into the septic tank from the home cause the settled solids to re-suspend themselves in the wastewater. During re-suspension these solids get pushed out of the septic tank and end up in your piping network or drainfield. When these additional solids end up in the drainfield, it will accelerate the failure rate of the drainfield. In other words, the drainfield will fail much quicker than a POWTS that does not experience frequent peaks flows.
All septic tanks designed from about 1978 to present were designed to allow for a 24-hour settling period for any solids or suspended solids entering the tank. By creating excessive peak flows the solids settling cycle will be short-circuited and cause most suspended solids to leave the septic tank too soon.
To help minimize the peak flow effects generated from the laundry process, homeowners should consider purchasing water conserving, low flow front load wash machines. They typically will use about 1/3 of the amount of water, per load, as the standard top load wash machines.
After the soil and site evaluations have been conducted by the soil tester the results of that soil and site evaluation are to be sent to the County reviewing authority.After the soil and site evaluations have been reviewed by the county reviewing authority, and are found to be acceptable for completeness, the evaluations are then filed for use with a future sanitary permit for the property tested. The soil and site evaluations (soil tests) are good for as long as the administrative rule that governs them remains in affect. If there is a significant rule change that effects the soil and site evaluation process or results of previously completed tests then a new test may have to be done.
Another example might be a property owner wants to put up an outbuilding and also wants to put a bathroom in it for a convenience to themselves. A County sanitary permit can be issued so long as the existing POWTS is a code compliant installation previously inspected by Staff of this department.
For further details of County sanitary permit issuance and when they may be necessary, you can contact the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development.
As far as system performance is concerned, a pressurized system typically will perform better than one that is not, because the wastewater is dosed over the entire absorption area versus being distributed over a small area as in the conventional gravity system.
If they do not have these credentials then they will not legally be able to install a POWTS in the State of Wisconsin. You can check the yellow pages for POWTS installers or contact Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development for a list of POWTS installers.
Go to “Contacts” page of this website for licensing web link.
If a grinder were added to the kitchen sink, the disposal should be used sparingly only. Also, if you are intending to put in a disposal, you should let your POWTS installer know so that a modification can be made to the proposed treatment tank. The treatment tank should at least be two-chambered and have an effluent filter installed on the septic tank outlet. You should give serious consideration to oversizing the septic tank beyond the minimum Code requirements.
By following these simple procedures your POWTS may not experience premature failure due to the additional settling time provided by your treatment tank.
Effluent filter alarms are available for people who are interested in that extra degree of security for that “just in case” event of sewage backing up into the basement when the effluent filter is clogged. A clogged filter will restrict the amount of wastewater leaving the septic tank, which causes the wastewater level to rise in the septic tank.
When the wastewater level rises above its normal flow level it will begin to back up into the piping network coming from the structure.
There typically are more than enough bacteria in the wastewater generated daily to do a sufficient job of digesting the biodegradable material in the waste stream. There comes a point where the solids that remain in the tank can no longer be digested and will not be able to undergo further digestion.
If you use strong cleansers conservatively and feel the need to add a digesting aid to assist the bacteria in your septic tank you could add several cakes of yeast to boost the digestion process for a while.
The statement of “saving costs” on pumping your septic tank does not appear to make sense for people living in Wisconsin. All septic systems installed within the last 25-30 years in the State of Wisconsin are required to have the septic tanks pumped at least every 3 years. Where would the cost savings come from?
After determining the DWF the POWTS installer can size the necessary treatment tank(s) properly. After reviewing the soil and site evaluation report, that was performed by the certified soil tester, the installing plumber can then determine the minimum size of absorption field required which is based on the soil load rate that is specified on the report form.
You will often find with the proposed renovations to the structure that you will have to have another evaluation done to find out if the existing system will meet the Administrative Code or Sanitary Ordinance governing septic systems.
Quite often, when these system evaluations are done, they may not meet the minimum separation to groundwater table. This evaluation will include a look at the soils in which the septic system was previously placed.
If after this type of septic system evaluation was done and the existing septic system could not meet the minimum groundwater separation requirements, the septic system would have to be replaced with a code-compliant septic system.
To replace the existing septic system with a new system refer to the Obtaining a Sanitary Permit portion of this website.
If you select plants that have a woody root system and plant them very close to, or on top of, the absorption field it will experience root problems.
The roots from this plant group tend to grow or migrate in the direction of a moisture source and work their way into the piping network. Once inside the network the roots begin to clog the piping. Given sufficient time the roots will cause system failure.
The alternative to a woody root plant species could be flowers or wildflower seeding.
Besides helping you visualize exactly what the property looks like and contains, your survey gives you a type of protection. In addition to highlighting any encroachments, the survey will help to identify any other irregularities that may result in legal disputes sometime in the future. The surveyor assumes full professional responsibility for the accuracy of the survey and therefore may serve as an expert witness in court. The new survey enhances your title insurance policy. A plat of survey must be stamped by the professional land surveyor who prepared it.
The most common form of foundation survey is the required survey that is prepared once the foundation for a new home is placed in the ground. This survey is done to verify to the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development that the home was built in the location it was permitted.
In order for a waiver of liability document to be valid it must be recorded with the Kenosha County Register of Deeds. A small recording fee is required (payable to the “Register of Deeds”). Waiver of Liability of Foundation Survey Document
When and only when a release of waiver document is filed with the Register of Deeds does it cancel out the original waiver of liability of foundation survey document. A small recording fee is required (payable to the “Register of Deeds”).
A common misconception is that setback distances and setback requirements are taken from the centerline of the road or the edge of pavement. This is false. All setbacks are taken from the actual property line, located between your front property pins (pipes). If this line cannot be accurately located in the field, we suggest contacting a professional land surveyor to complete a boundary survey and accurately locate the property lines for you.
The zoning district applicable to “100-year floodplain” zoning is the FPO Floodplain Overlay District.
An OHWM is present only on navigable waterways, lakes and rivers
The DNR is the only agency allowed to determine and confirm OHWM elevations and is the only agency allowed to determine whether or not a waterway is deemed “navigable”.
If you are interested in having an OHWM determination made on your property or investigating if a waterway is navigable, please contact the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development at (262) 857-1895.
Wetland determinations and delineations must be completed by a qualified consultant and be verified by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
If you are interested in having a wetland determination/delineation done on your property, please contact the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development at (262) 857-1895.
The zoning district applicable to “wetland” zoning is the C-1 Lowland Conservancy Zoning District.
NOTE: in the shoreyard (75' from a lake or stream) a shoreland permit is required for retaining walls, rip-rap or shore protection (fill over 10 yards) and excavations such as ponds. Please contact the Kenosha County Department of Planning & Development at (262) 857-1895 for an explanation of these regulations relative to these types of uses within the County’s zoning jurisdiction.
In the case of an in-ground pool, there shall be erected and maintained a good quality safety fence not less than four feet in height completely surrounding the pool or surrounding the yard in which the pool is located.
In the case of an above-ground pool or temporary inflatable/metal frame soft sided pool, either a good quality safety fence of not less than four feet in height shall completely surround the pool or surrounding yard in which the pool is located or the total wall height of the pool and surrounding deck/railing must be at least six feet above yard grade.
Latching/locking gates shall be installed on all fences/gates in order to prevent unauthorized entry.
In the case of a spa/hot tub, a locked safety cover meeting American Society for Testing Materials Specifications may be used, or a spa must be completely enclosed in a structure with locking windows and doors.
12.18-2 TREE CUTTING AND SHRUBBERY CLEARING
The cutting of trees and shrubbery shall be regulated to protect natural beauty, control erosion and reduce the flow of effluents, sediments and nutrients from the shoreland area. In the strip of land 35 feet wide inland from the ordinary high water mark, no more than 30 feet in any 100 feet (30%) shall be clear-cut. In shoreland areas more than 35 feet inland, trees and shrubbery cutting shall be governed by the consideration of the effect on water quality and consideration of sound forestry practices and soil conservation practices. The tree and shrubbery cutting regulations required by this paragraph shall not apply to the removal of dead, diseased or dying trees or shrubbery. Paths and trails shall not exceed ten (10) feet in width and shall be so designed and constructed as to result in the least removal and disruption of shoreland cover and the minimum impairment of natural beauty.
In addition to regulations limiting tree/shrub clearing near waterways, woodlands are protected under the C-2 Upland Conservancy District zoning classification:
The C-2 Upland Resource Conservancy District is intended to preserve, protect, enhance and restore all significant woodlands, areas of rough topography, and related scenic areas. Regulation of these areas will serve to control erosion and sedimentation and will promote and maintain the natural beauty of Kenosha County.
Tree clearing is prohibited in the C-2 Upland Conservancy District except for construction of a driveway and permitted structures, removal of dead and diseased vegetation and removal of invasive species. If you should have questions regarding the integrity of your woodlands or the species thereon, feel free to contact the county Conservation Planner at the Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development at (262) 857-1895.
Please keep in mind the need for a sanitary permit for New Residential Construction and potentially a septic system evaluation for Additions to Existing Structures.
NOTE: Triple fees shall be charged if work has started prior to applying for the appropriate permit.
You can expect to wait about (5) five working days from the date of application submittal for larger projects such as new residential/commercial construction, residential/commercial additions, sign permits, antenna co-locations etc. It is highly recommended that you speak face to face with a Land Use Specialist when dropping off your application packet to ensure that all issues have been addressed. Be aware that the zoning code allows up to (30) days for the office to formally approve or deny a zoning permit application.
Below is an excerpt from the Kenosha County General Zoning and Shoreland/Floodplain Zoning Ordinance regarding time limits for review:
12.05-3 TIME LIMITS
All permits, except conditional use permits and stipulated shoreland permits, shall be granted or denied in writing, within 30 days after application, by the Office of Planning and Zoning Administration. All stipulated shoreland permits shall be granted or denied within 60 days after application, unless the time is extended by mutual agreement. The applicant shall post any permit granted in a conspicuous place at the site. All zoning permits shall expire within 18 months. Any permit issued in conflict with the provisions of this ordinance shall be null and void.
If your zoning permit is about to expire and you have not completely framed and shelled the entirety of the structure, then you must renew your original zoning permit with the Office of Planning and Development. To do so, please contact a Land Use Specialist at (262) 857-1895.
Setting up an appointment is recommended when submitting an application for larger projects such as new residential/commercial construction, residential/commercial additions, sign permits, antenna co-locations etc. Permits of this type can generally be issued within (5) five working days, assuming all required application information has been presented and issues such as sanitation and site plan review have been addressed. Be aware that the zoning code allows up to (30) days for the office to formally approve or deny a zoning permit application.
It is highly recommended that you speak face to face with a Land Use Specialist when dropping off your application packet to ensure that all issues have been addressed.
Tax key number prefixes within the jurisdiction of the Kenosha County Planning and Development office are listed in the chart below.
MUNICIPALITY NAME MUNICIPALITY NUMBER BOOK NUMBER TAX NUMBER PREFIX Town of Brighton 002 30 30-4-220-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ Town of Paris 006 45 45-4-221-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ Town of Randall 010 60 60-4-119-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ Town of Salem 012 65 65-4-120-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ 012 66 66-4-120-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ 012 67 67-4-120-_ _ _-_ _ _ _
Town of Somers 014 80 80-4-222-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ 014 81 81-4-223-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ Town of Wheatland 016 95 95-4-119-_ _ _-_ _ _ _ 016 95 95-4-219-_ _ _-_ _ _ _
However, Kenosha County does regulate the storage of vehicles in conjunction with a permitted business use. For instance, conditional use permits authorizing the placement of a towing business or auto garage may detail where vehicles may be stored outside on a property (site plan review).
In-laws quarters construction is reviewed on a case by case basis by staff.
Typically, a legal non-conforming lot may not meet the lot frontage and/or lot area requirements required under the current zoning code, whereas a legal non-conforming structure may not meet the minimum size and/or location requirements specified under the current zoning code.
We suggest you speak directly with a Land Use Specialist regarding any work you may be considering to a non-conforming structure. A Land Use Specialist can be reached at (262) 857-1895.
For instance, the B-2 Community Business District is intended to provide for the orderly development of business activities, such as retail stores, office buildings and services in the center of communities and settlements throughout Kenosha County. Businesses placed within this district tend to be quieter, more passive business uses that do not require outside storage or operational facilities. The B-2 Community Business District does not allow the placement of businesses such as contractor yards and freight forwarding services (these business uses are permitted in the B-5 Wholesale Trade and Warehousing District).
Kenosha County Department of Planning and Development 19600 75th Street, Suite 185-3 Bristol, WI 53104 Phone: (262) 857-1895 Fax: (262) 857-1920 Kenosha County Center
Bristol (262) 857-1845
You can purchase a certified copy of the death certificate at the Register of Deeds office, the cost is $20.00 for one copy and $3.00 for each additional copy. Termination of Decedants Property Interest Form
However, there are many other details that affect the answer to this question. The most important of which is Wisconsin's Marital Property law. This law assumes that property used by a couple during the course of a marriage is jointly owned unless specified otherwise.
If you wish to remain the sole owner of the property and do not intend to convey any interest in the property to your spouse, steps must be taken prior to and during the marriage to assure that this occurs.
If, however, you intend for your spouse to share in the ownership of the property, there are a number of ways a married couple can hold title to property and each one has distinct legal implications. Depending on your financial status, age and other factors, a trust might even be advisable.
As you can see, it is best to seek the help of an attorney to draft a deed that will accomplish your goals.
Tenancy in Common - A form of ownership whereby each owner holds an undivided interest in property. The interests need not be equal, and, in the event of the death of one of the owners, no right of survivorship in the other owners exists.
1st Installment or payment in full to the municipality on or before January 31st.2nd Installment to the Kenosha County Treasurer on or before July 31st.
If you need to apply for next year's lottery credit, we can send you an application. Applications are also available at your local municipal treasurer's office.
Tuberculosis disease is characterized by the appearance of symptoms, a significant reaction to the Mantoux skin test and TB bacteria found in the sputum.
To spread the TB bacteria, a person must have TB disease. Having TB infection is not enough to spread the bacteria. Tuberculosis may last for a lifetime as an infection, never developing into a disease. However, individuals with TB infection are at considerable risk of developing TB disease, particularly during the first year after acquiring the infection. Additionally, individuals with weakened immune systems such as persons infected with HIV, are at high risk of developing TB disease if TB infection is untreated.